On 10 September 1946 during the train ride from Calcutta to Darjeeling for her annual retreat, Mother Teresa received her “ inspiration ,” her, call .” On that day, in a way she would never explain, Jesus’ thirst for love and for souls took hold of her heart and the desire to satiate His thirst became the driving force of her life. Biographie de Mère Teresa. Orr, David (10 May. [101] Teresa's Albanian homeland gave her the Golden Honour of the Nation in 1994,[90] but her acceptance of this and the Haitian Legion of Honour was controversial. While looking for a home I walked and walked till my arms and legs ached. Mother Teresa was born in 1910 in Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia. [25], She arrived in India in 1929[26] and began her novitiate in Darjeeling, in the lower Himalayas,[27] where she learned Bengali and taught at St. Teresa's School near her convent. "[122] He accused her of hypocrisy for choosing advanced treatment for her heart condition. [37], On 10 September 1946, Teresa experienced what she later described as "the call within the call" when she traveled by train to the Loreto convent in Darjeeling from Calcutta for her annual retreat. [18][19] Her mother may have been from a village near Gjakova. As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus.”, Small of stature, rock like in faith, Mother Teresa of Calcutta was entrusted with the mission of, proclaiming God’s thirsting love for humanity, especially for the poorest of the poor. A controversial figure during her life and after her death, Teresa was admired by many for her charitable work. '"[125] Although Hitchens thought he was the only witness called by the Vatican, Aroup Chatterjee (author of Mother Teresa: The Untold Story) was also called to present evidence opposing Teresa's beatification and canonisation;[126] the Vatican had abolished the traditional "devil's advocate", which served a similar purpose. By faith, I am a Catholic nun. the unwanted, the unloved, the uncared for, During the last years of her life, despite increasingly severe health problems, Mother Teresa continued to govern her Society and respond to the needs of the poor and the Church. Mother Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu[6] (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, Albanian: [aˈɲɛzə ˈɡɔndʒɛ bɔjaˈdʒiu]; 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), honoured in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta,[7] was an Albanian-Indian[4] Roman Catholic nun and missionary. Her tomb quickly became a place of pilgrimage and prayer for people of all faiths, rich and poor alike. He asked Mother Teresa to establish a religious community, Missionaries of Charity, dedicated to the service of the poorest of the poor. In answer to the requests of many priests, in 1981 Mother Teresa also began the Corpus Christi Movement for Priests as a “little way of holiness” for those who desire to share in her charism and spirit. [80] Teresa's official biography, by Navin Chawla, was published in 1992. Teresa (Auteur), Mère Teresa (Auteur) 5 ( 1 ) Coups de cœur des libraires ( 1) « Il y a beaucoup de remèdes contre toutes sortes de maladies. Teresa is the subject of the 1969 documentary film and 1972 book. As to my calling, I belong to the world. Hitchens and Chatterjee (author of The Final Verdict, a book critical of Teresa) spoke to the tribunal; according to Vatican officials, the allegations raised were investigated by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints. Teresa then expanded the congregation abroad, opening a house in Venezuela in 1965 with five sisters. Although some sources state she was 10 when her father died, in an interview with her brother, the Vatican documents her age at the time as "about eight". On 21 December she went for the first time to the slums. According to Besra, a beam of light emanated from the picture and her cancerous tumour was cured; however, her husband and some of her medical staff said that conventional medical treatment eradicated the tumour. eternity .” From that time on she was called Mother Teresa. She chose to be named after Thérèse de Lisieux, the patron saint of missionaries;[29][30] because a nun in the convent had already chosen that name, she opted for its Spanish spelling (Teresa). Célèbre comme: Fondateur des Missionnaires de … "[140], Although her order was not connected with the Franciscan orders, Teresa admired Francis of Assisi[141] and was influenced by Franciscan spirituality. [62], When Eastern Europe experienced increased openness in the late 1980s, Teresa expanded her efforts to Communist countries which had rejected the Missionaries of Charity. [160], Teresa has been commemorated by museums and named the patroness of a number of churches. [100] The United Kingdom and the United States bestowed a number of awards, culminating in the Order of Merit in 1983 and honorary citizenship of the United States on 16 November 1996. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 30 juin 2018 à 06:29. [161] Its construction, begun in 2011, sparked controversy in Muslim circles who saw it as oversized relative to the number of Catholics in the area. With no income, she begged for food and supplies and experienced doubt, loneliness and the temptation to return to the comfort of convent life during these early months: Our Lord wants me to be a free nun covered with the poverty of the cross. I do it for the church. Her response to Jesus’ plea, “Come be My light,” made her a Missionary of Charity, a “mother to the poor,” a symbol of compassion to the world, and a living witness to the thirsting love of God. Mère Teresa est morte le 5 septembre 1997 à Calcutta (Inde), à l’âge de 87 ans. He asked Mother Teresa to establish a religious community, Missionaries of Charity, dedicated to the service of the. [94] During filming, footage shot in poor lighting (particularly at the Home for the Dying) was thought unlikely to be usable by the crew. [44] Teresa wrote in her diary that her first year was fraught with difficulty. Drana raised her children firmly and lovingly, greatly influencing her daughter’s character and vocation. Tens of thousands of people witnessed the ceremony, including 15 government delegations and 1,500 homeless people from across Italy. During the last years of her life, despite increasingly severe health problems, Mother Teresa continued to govern her Society and respond to the needs of the poor and the Church. [47], In 1952, Teresa opened her first hospice with help from Calcutta officials. [160] The ceremony was also presided over by D'Souza and the Vatican's ambassador to India, Giambattista Diquattro, who lead the Mass and inaugurated a bronze statue in the church of Mother Teresa carrying a child. A 12 ans lors du pèlerinage annuel à la chapelle de la vierge de Letnice au sommet de la montagne noire à Skopje qu’elle a ressenti une vocation à la vie religieuse. Kolodiejchuk submitted 76 documents, totalling 35,000 pages, which were based on interviews with 113 witnesses who were asked to answer 263 questions. [68], By 1996, Teresa operated 517 missions in over 100 countries. Text © Mother Teresa Center of the Missionaries of Charity, ●Coming on pilgrimage/Visiting Mother Teresa's Tomb, Kolkata, At the age of eighteen, moved by a desire to become a missionary, Gonxha left her home in September 1928 to join the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, known as the Sisters of Loreto, in Ireland. [113] At the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, Teresa said: "Yet we can destroy this gift of motherhood, especially by the evil of abortion, but also by thinking that other things like jobs or positions are more important than loving. I have removed that hunger. [123][124] Hitchens said that "her intention was not to help people", and that she lied to donors about how their contributions were used. [22], Teresa left home in 1928 at age 18 to join the Sisters of Loreto at Loreto Abbey in Rathfarnham, Ireland, to learn English with the intent of becoming a missionary; English was the language of instruction of the Sisters of Loreto in India. Byron. “By blood, I am Albanian. Even deep down ... there is nothing but emptiness and darkness. Biographie de Mère Teresa, « Le Saint des Gouttières » Mère Teresa (26 Août, 5 1910-Septembre 1997) a fondé les Missionnaires de la Charité, un ordre catholique de religieuses se consacre à aider les pauvres. Secretary Giriraj Kishore said that "her first duty was to the Church and social service was incidental", accusing her of favoring Christians and conducting "secret baptisms" of the dying. Today, I learned a good lesson. The charitable organisation Sevalaya runs the Mother Teresa Girls Home, providing poor and orphaned girls near the underserved village of Kasuva in Tamil Nadu with free food, clothing, shelter and education. Mère Teresa 1910 - 1997 Religieuse et sainte albanaise, prix Nobel de la paix en 1979, connue pour son action personnelle caritative et la fondation d'une congrégation religieuse, les Missionnaires de la Charité (créée en 1950) qui l'accompagnent et suivent son exemple. [115] In 1999 she headed Gallup's List of Most Widely Admired People of the 20th Century,[116] out-polling all other volunteered answers by a wide margin, and was first in all major demographic categories except the very young. CNN Staff, "Mother Teresa: A Profile", retrieved from CNN online. Rajagopal MR, Joranson DE, and Gilson AM (2001), "Medical use, misuse and diversion of opioids in India". [39], She began missionary work with the poor in 1948,[26] replacing her traditional Loreto habit with a simple, white cotton sari with a blue border. [155], On 4 September 2017, during a celebration honoring the 1st anniversary of her canonization, Sister Mary Prema Pierick, Superior-General of the Missionaries of Charity, announced that Teresa would be made the co-patron of the Calcutta Archdiocese during a Mass in the Cathedral of the Most Holy Rosary at 5.30 pm on 6 September 2017. [92], Teresa received the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Peace and International Understanding, given for work in South or East Asia, in 1962. An initiative to erect a monument to Teresa in the town of Peć (according to activists, 98 percent Muslim) was opposed by Kosovo Muslims. [64], Teresa travelled to assist the hungry in Ethiopia, radiation victims at Chernobyl and earthquake victims in Armenia. “ I cannot go alone .” He revealed His pain at the neglect of the poor, His sorrow at their ignorance of Him and His longing for their love. TELECHARGER LA BIOGRAPHIE'FICHE FACTURE S MERE TERESA. Touch the Poor ... – article in. During the years of rapid growth the world began to turn its eyes towards Mother Teresa and the work she had started. Elle a été béatifiée par le pape Jean-Paul II le 19 octobre 2003. [56], By 1997, the 13-member Calcutta congregation had grown to more than 4,000 sisters who managed orphanages, AIDS hospices and charity centers worldwide, caring for refugees, the blind, disabled, aged, alcoholics, the poor and homeless and victims of floods, epidemics and famine. [51] The Missionaries of Charity took in an increasing number of homeless children; in 1955 Teresa opened Nirmala Shishu Bhavan, the Children's Home of the Immaculate Heart, as a haven for orphans and homeless youth. [90] Other civilian awards included the Balzan Prize for promoting humanity, peace and brotherhood among peoples (1978)[103] and the Albert Schweitzer International Prize (1975). "[130] Privately, Teresa experienced doubts and struggle in her religious beliefs which lasted nearly 50 years until the end of her life. [42] At the beginning of 1949 Teresa was joined in her effort by a group of young women, and she laid the foundation for a new religious community helping the "poorest among the poor".[43]. [165][166][167] Indian Railways introduced the "Mother Express", a new train named after Mother Teresa, on 26 August 2010 to commemorate the centenary of her birth. In Kolkata, she is worshipped as a deity by some Hindus. Although Teresa offered to resign as head of the Missionaries of Charity, in a secret ballot the sisters of the congregation voted for her to stay and she agreed to continue. biographie de Mère Teresa. The decree on the miracle required for her canonization was approved on 17 December 2015 and she was canonized by Pope Francis on 4 September 2016. [79] She later received other Indian awards, including the Bharat Ratna (India's highest civilian award) in 1980. [104] In April 1976 Teresa visited the University of Scranton in northeastern Pennsylvania, where she received the La Storta Medal for Human Service from university president William J. "[94][137], However, the correspondence has been compiled in Mother Teresa: Come Be My Light. For other uses, see, Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary (1910–1997), Muggeridge (1971), chapter 3, "Mother Teresa Speaks", pp. In order to respond better to both the physical and spiritual needs of the poor, Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity Brothers in 1963, in 1976 the contemplative branch of the Sisters, in 1979 the Contemplative Brothers, and in 1984 the Missionaries of Charity Fathers. Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif called her "a rare and unique individual who lived long for higher purposes. [84] Chatterjee criticized her for promoting a "cult of suffering" and a distorted, negative image of Calcutta, exaggerating work done by her mission and misusing funds and privileges at her disposal. [149][150] Because of the attacks on her, some Catholic writers called her a sign of contradiction. From the day of her First Holy Communion, a love for souls was within her. [10][page needed] She later considered 27 August, the day she was baptised, her "true birthday". She called her inner experience, “the darkness.” The “painful night” of her soul, which began around the time she started her work for the poor and continued to the end of her life, led Mother Teresa to an ever more profound union with God. Analysing her deeds and achievements, Pope John Paul II said: "Where did Mother Teresa find the strength and perseverance to place herself completely at the service of others? Disparue en 1997, Mère Teresa continue de faire parler d’elle. In March 1997 she blessed her newly-elected successor as Superior General of the Missionaries of Charity and then made one more trip abroad. She later received other Indian awards, including the Bharat Ratna (India's highest civilian award) in 1980. [105] In August 1987 Teresa received an honorary doctor of social science degree, in recognition of her service and her ministry to help the destitute and sick, from the university. Après la mort de son père, elle s'est rapprochée de sa mère, qui a donné l'exemple en faisant preuve de compassion et de charité envers les autres. "Medicine cured 'miracle' woman – not Mother Teresa, say doctors". Meg Greene, Mother Teresa: A Biography, Greenwood Press, 2004, page 18. Teresa was first recognised by the Indian government more than a third of a century earlier, receiving the Padma Shri in 1962 and the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1969. If there be God – please forgive me. the world. "[78] According to former U.N. Secretary-General Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, "She is the United Nations.

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